MIG - Missouri Investigators Group

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Observations of Anomalous Transparency:  The Faile Effect

Nicholas Reiter  10 March 1999


In1997 and early 1998, Dr. S.P. Faile, a semi-retired materials research engineer and scientist, began recording observations of a curious effect witnessed by him around his home. The effect seemed to mainly consist of occasional circumstances where common, normally opaque objects ranging from one’s forearm, to sheet metal, to furniture, would seem to turn partially transparent. More distant objects seemed to be visible through these structures, even to the extent of such details as printed characters.

The effect was first noticed by SPF in dimly lit work-room conditions, where he had been conducting experiments in New Energy for several years. Dr. Faile at first, in scientific fashion, evaluated whether or not the transparency effect was a specialized optical illusion. He began to doubt that this was the case, however, after many hours of painstaking viewing, and after receiving the corroboration of several other associates located away from his hometown of Cincinnati.

At present it seems to be a phenomenon in search of a definition or methodology! One model would place the effect into the realm of anomalous human talent, such as clairvoyance or remote viewing. However, other individuals, with only a minimum of technique refinement, have been able to confirm the effect. Additionally, because a number of "real world" factors such as lighting, location, and certain material structures can greatly affect it’s magnitude, it seems to more properly belong in the realm of optics, and probably quantum mechanics.

Qualities of the Faile Effect:

The observation of anomalous transparency seems to be possible in a very wide range of environments. The first hints of the effect were noticed in low level diffused monochromatic light, indoors. SPF would observe his right forearm, whilst moving solid metallic objects such as screwdrivers or steel rods behind it with the left hand. With proper dim lighting, and the focusing of eyes to a point in space beyond the right arm, the basic moving outline of the selected metal piece could be seen through the arm! An illusion where the mind fills in suspected detail? If observations would have remained at this "parlour trick" level, the argument might hold more merit. However, SPF was eventually able to view details of objects completely obscured by the arm, or larger obstructions.

Transparency viewing was then moved outdoors, with surprising results. Once again, Dr. Faile repeatedly witnessed the "virtual transparency" effect, however now examples could be found with walls, boulders, fences, and tree limbs.

We should note at this point that the effect described is NOT the old children’s pastime of holding one’s fingers out, and de-focusing the eyes, thus allowing a transparent double image to form.

Technical correspondents and associates of Dr. Faile in Utah, Florida, and in several regions of Ohio were kept informed about the effect, and attempts were made by all to replicate the original observations. The conclusion arrived at was that the transparency effect COULD be discerned by others, and did seem to be related in it’s magnitude to a number of factors.

If one were to evaluate the appearance of the typical viewed anomalous transparency in comparison to a known arrangement of filters or optical attenuators, one would say that it is a neutral density effect, and resembles an optical transmission of perhaps 2 to 3% at most. Hints of outlines, or faint definition of regions of high contrast comprise most of the effect, although Dr. Faile has compiled a "gallery" of preferential viewing examples at his home. Some of these structure / light source combinations have been claimed by visitors to produce almost spooky levels of transparency!

The logical question that arises here is "have these effects been captured on film?" To this we answer "apparently so..."

Both Dr. Faile and NR have taken 35mm photos, in colour and in BW around their respective lab work areas. In many of these shots, faint outlines and silhouettes that resemble those seen by eye SEEM to be visible.

If the whole affair is an optical illusion, some sort of imaginal ray tracing, we question if the same effect would carry over to the viewing of photos. Yet on the other hand, one would think that if bright light sources such as lasers were used, anomalous transparency could be brought up to a vividly and commonly observed level. Clearly, this is not so; thus we are left with a paradox.


Partial transparency of normally opaque objects, even if very rare, should be a topic of note and discussion in the annals of alternate science! However, we have been able to find very little in the way of published precedent on the effect. We have viewed a recent Internet posted still photo taken near a ghost town in California, which seems to show a VERY transparent tombstone in a cemetery. Additionally, a very curious photograph published by Thomas Bearden dates from the 1930’s, and shows a couple sitting on a park bench. However, the curiosity lies in the fact that one easily notices that the male of the couple is virtually invisible from the waist down! Dr. Bearden points out that the couple in the photo were sitting on a bench under an old fashioned arc lamp, and hypothesizes that emissions or field effects from the lamp were inducing invisibility.

We have also been told that in the Fusor experiments of Farnsworth, components made of stainless steel began to exhibit transparency.

We admit that old photographs of unknown pedigree are scientifically suspect, as accidental or intentional double exposures can make people and objects look transparent.

Perhaps the effect, regardless of its origin, remains obscure because few individuals think to look for it, or even suspect it!

Current Efforts:

At the present time, our main objective is to catalog and document as many observations of apparent transparency as possible. We have considered a number of theoretical models for the phenomenon, such as coherence of short to medium length wormhole pairs in the quantum foam of space. However, the Faile Effect, as we have come to call it, requires far greater definition and characterization than exists currently.

Because of this, we are actively seeking scientific correspondence and data sharing with amateur or professional scientists on this matter. Specifically, we would like to hear from any other parties who have come across anomalous transparency in their research, or even everyday life!

Our opinion is that the Faile Effect represents a genuine anomaly, perhaps a field of study in itself. It may extend into a number of alternate science topics, and seems to bridge a gap between human optical response and perceptions, and unknown physical properties.

We also believe that there does exist a currently not understood factor that holds the key to the Faile Effect. Understanding of this and control of this factor might permit dramatic technological developments!

If you, the reader, have experienced anomalous transparency, or if you are working on this topic from a theoretical angle, we encourage you to contact us!

Faile Photo 1 Faile Photo 2


Portable 1 1/2 Year Night Lamp

S. P. Faile *

24 December 1999

Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) produce light efficiently, making possible long duration output from batteries, especially if configured so that no resistors are added to the circuit. Even though the electrical current falls with time, the light output of the LED does not decrease proportionally. This allows for a satisfactory long time continuous light output if used as a night lamp. The bluish-green (500nm) GaN LED made by Nichia Corp. (US phone # (717)-285-2323) with a full industrial power output at 3.5 volts produces a satisfactory home use night light output at 3 volts, as supplied by two D sized Duracell alkaline batteries in series.

At first, a current of approximately 7 milli-amps is seen to flow through the circuit. At the end of about 1 1/2 years, the current has fallen to about .25 mA, but there is still plenty of illumination for getting around in a zone of several feet, or even for reading if held about a foot away from a page.

This lamp, called the "1 1/2 Year Lantern", was constructed using a Radio Shack battery holder for two D sized batteries. The LED wire leads were connected by manually wrapping or splicing with the holder wire leads (not welded) to complete the circuit. Electrical tape was used to secure the LED to the holder, producing a compact lamp that operates continuously.

The first of these was built here on May 24, 1998. In the last ten years, during a study of new energy, exotic phenomena occurred that were often hard to control. From a more practical standpoint, though, as a sort of consolation prize, a survey of many types of LED circuits has yielded the 1 1/2 Year Lantern, which is herewith being placed in the public domain. Perhaps someone will prove that a new energy factor is operating in the circuit, assisting with the production of a long lamp lifetime.

* Dr. S.P. Faile is a semi-retired materials research engineer / scientist, with a PhD in Solid State Science from Pennsylvania State University. Telephone number: (513) 563-4953 (weekends). Address: 4002 Sharon Park Ln. Apt.13, Cincinnati, Ohio 45241.

Nicholas Reiter, who is posting this document, and who adds his commentary below, has also researched long life LED lanterns. He has a long term background in electronics, vacuum technology, thin films, and semiconductor chemistry. He may be reached at (419) 637-2659 (weekends and evenings) or at: reit@ezworks.net

Additional Note Regarding Long Term LED Lamps:

N.A. Reiter

30 December, 1999

At first glance, the hobbyist and serious researcher alike may question the value of long term LED lamps. However, two factors do exist that make these devices worthy of consideration and use:

  1. For night time or dark environment indicator and safety lighting, LED lamps offer the attractive factor of portability, and unlike the currently popular 115VAC electroluminescent night lights, may be placed on shelves, beside doorways, or near handles or switches. EL nightlights must be located at wall outlets!
  2. Several circuits independently tested by myself seemed to push and even slightly exceed the data sheet rating for battery life. Another style of long term lamp, designed by Dr. Faile, and referred to as the Wobble circuit, has been running for over a year at the research facility where I am employed. While technically not to be confused with a perpetual motion scheme, the relatively long lifetime of these circuits approaches a practical "lamp perpetuum".

Low current LED circuits may prove an ideal arena for testing concepts in vacuum energy extraction, or embodiments of other new energy models. The amount of power consumed is so miniscule, that the battery / LED system may be considered as a system that is utterly close to equilibrium. Because of this, structures that are suspected of producing minor interactions with the vacuum, or other speculative energy sources, might be able to "trickle" charge the system, even as the LED is running! Perhaps an LED circuit of this type is one of the better tools for looking for hints of Over-Unity.

We would include one further application for long term LED lamps. In early testing of the blue-green GaN LEDs, Dr. Faile made initial observations of the phenomenon of anomalous transparency, discussed in an earlier posted document. It has been felt that the very low level mono-chromatic light played a role in the preferential viewing of this curious phenomenon. Investigators who take it upon themselves to look into the Faile Effect may find the basic 1 1/2 Year Lantern to be a helpful instrument for this venture.

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